description

The image shows the El Paso Sanatorium at 1109 N. Cotton Street in 1910.
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, tuberculosis spread rapidly in the United States.
Throughout most of the 19th century, pulmonary tuberculosis was thought to be a hereditary disease aggravated by humid air, damp soil, lack of exercise, inadequate diet, and overcrowded and poorly ventilated housing. However, in 1882, German physician Robert Koch described the rod-shaped organism called the tubercle bacillus that causes tuberculosis. The microscopic bacteria were impossible to destroy unless exposed to heat or light. Since most infections came from people with pulmonary TB, such people needed to be isolated to check the spread of the disease.
The Southwest, including El Paso, was considered ideal for the treatment of TB because of its dry, warm climate. It attracted TB patients from all over the country. The completion of the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1881 encouraged tuberculars to come west.
Early care of TB patients consisted of sitting in parks to absorb the sun and convalescence in private homes. This method was ineffective and many people died.
The migration of infected persons in search of a climatic cure created a major public health problem for sections of the Southwest from the late 1890s through the 1920s.
During this period, many sanatoriums and hospitals opened to treat tuberculars and this deadly disease helped establish El Paso as a health center.

One of the sanatoria, which treated TB patients was the El Paso Sanatorium, which opened in 1910. It is now an apartment house.

Uploaded on 06.13.2014 by El Paso Museum of History

Collection: Aultman Collection

Central / Rim Road, (1910 - 1919), Health

  • Sanatorium
  • El Paso sanatorium
  • Health
  • Tuberculosis
  • hospital
  • Nurse
  • women

tag Nurse

tag nurses ,women

Your comment will be visible after the El Paso Museum staff has reviewed it. This usually happens within 24 hours.

Thank you for your comment

El Paso Sanatorium, 1109 N. Cotton.

Report this entry

Choose the most important reason for this report

Your name

Your email address

Optional detail

Thank you for your report

More from the same community-collection

View onto Rim-University

The neighborhood on top of the hill is called Rim-University. At the bottom of the picture the El Paso High...

Adobe House

Mexican adobe house, Mt. Franklin in distance, El Paso, Texas. Possibly Stormsville.

Franklin Mountains

The image shows parts of the westside of the Franklin Mountains. El Paso High School is at the bottom of...

Up on Stanton Rd in West El Paso

Cars head south on Stanton Street in El Paso Texas.

St. Joseph's Hospital or Sanatorium - El Paso, Texas

High altitude, sunshine, and rest were the preferred treatment for tuberculosis in the 19th century. As soon as the railroad...

Artwork of All Saints Church

The picture shows a modern artwork displaying Jesus on the cross. It is in front of All Saints Church, part...

Central El Paso from Scenic Drive

The image was taken from the Scenic Drive and shows central El Paso. One can recognize the Wells Fargo Building,...

sierra providence medical center

sierra providence medical center in 1600 medical center st

Sierra Providence Medical Center - El Paso, Texas

Sierra Providence Medical Center in 1600 Medical Center Street.

sierra providence medical center

sierra providence medical center in 1600 medical center st

AB Fall Mansion

Historic house on 1725 Arizona. Owned by the city of El Paso and presently leased by Texas Tech UniversityHealth Sciences...

AB Fall Mansion

historic house in 1725 arizona

AB Fall Mansion

Remodeled mansion of A. B. Fall at 1725 Arizona St. has wonderful view of city. see also Teapot Dome. Historic...

Tom Lea Park

Tom Lea Park, on Rim Rd, commemorates Tom Lea. He was a native El Pasoan and artist who was famous...

Tom Lea Park

Tom Lea Park, on Rim Rd, commemorates Tom Lea. He was a native El Pasoan and artist who was famous...